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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 36, issue 3 | Copyright

Special issue: Dynamics and interaction of processes in the Earth and its...

Ann. Geophys., 36, 825-830, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ANGEO Communicates 06 Jun 2018

ANGEO Communicates | 06 Jun 2018

Seasonal variability of atmospheric tides in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere: meteor radar data and simulations

Dimitry Pokhotelov, Erich Becker, Gunter Stober, and Jorge L. Chau Dimitry Pokhotelov et al.
  • Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the University of Rostock, Kühlungsborn, Germany

Abstract. Thermal tides play an important role in the global atmospheric dynamics and provide a key mechanism for the forcing of thermosphere–ionosphere dynamics from below. A method for extracting tidal contributions, based on the adaptive filtering, is applied to analyse multi-year observations of mesospheric winds from ground-based meteor radars located in northern Germany and Norway. The observed seasonal variability of tides is compared to simulations with the Kühlungsborn Mechanistic Circulation Model (KMCM). It is demonstrated that the model provides reasonable representation of the tidal amplitudes, though substantial differences from observations are also noticed. The limitations of applying a conventionally coarse-resolution model in combination with parametrisation of gravity waves are discussed. The work is aimed towards the development of an ionospheric model driven by the dynamics of the KMCM.

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Short summary
Atmospheric tides are produced by solar heating of the lower atmosphere. The tides propagate to the upper atmosphere and ionosphere playing an important role in the vertical coupling. Ground radar measurements of the seasonal variability of tides are compared with global numerical simulations. The agreement with radar data and limitations of the numerical model are discussed. The work represents a first step in modelling the impact of tidal dynamics on the upper atmosphere and ionosphere.
Atmospheric tides are produced by solar heating of the lower atmosphere. The tides propagate to...