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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 36, issue 2 | Copyright

Special issue: Space weather connections to near-Earth space and the...

Ann. Geophys., 36, 587-593, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-36-587-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 03 Apr 2018

Regular paper | 03 Apr 2018

Study of sporadic E layers based on GPS radio occultation measurements and digisonde data over the Brazilian region

Laysa C. A. Resende1, Christina Arras2, Inez S. Batista1, Clezio M. Denardini1, Thainá O. Bertollotto1, and Juliano Moro3,4 Laysa C. A. Resende et al.
  • 1National Institute for Space Research (INPE) S. J. Campos, SP, Brazil
  • 2German Research Centre for Geosciences GFZ, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam, Germany
  • 3State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Center, China Academy of Science, CAS, Beijing, China
  • 4Southern Regional Space Research Center – CRS/COCRE/INPE, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

Abstract. This work presents new results about sporadic E-layers (Es layers) using GPS (global positioning system) radio occultation (RO) measurements obtained from the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites and digisonde data. The RO profiles are used to study the Es layer occurrence as well as its intensity of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the 50Hz GPS L1 signal. The methodology was applied to identify the Es layer on RO measurements over Cachoeira Paulista, a low-latitude station in the Brazilian region, in which the Es layer development is not driven tidal winds only as it is at middle latitudes. The coincident events were analyzed using the RO technique and ionosonde observations during the year 2014 to 2016. We used the electron density obtained using the blanketing frequency parameter (fbEs) and the Es layer height (h'Es) acquired from the ionograms to validate the satellite measurements. The comparative results show that the Es layer characteristics extracted from the RO measurements are in good agreement with the Es layer parameters from the digisonde.

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We present new results on the behavior of sporadic E layers (Es layers) using GPS (global positioning system) radio occultation (RO) measurements obtained from the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellites and digisonde data over Cachoeira Paulista, a low-latitude station in Brazil.
We present new results on the behavior of sporadic E layers (Es layers) using GPS (global...
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