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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 36, issue 5 | Copyright

Special issue: Dynamics and interaction of processes in the Earth and its...

Ann. Geophys., 36, 1483-1493, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-36-1483-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 29 Oct 2018

Regular paper | 29 Oct 2018

Electromagnetic field observations by the DEMETER satellite in connection with the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake

Igor Bertello1, Mirko Piersanti2,3, Maurizio Candidi1, Piero Diego1, and Pietro Ubertini1 Igor Bertello et al.
  • 1INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Rome, Italy
  • 2INFN – University of Rome Tor-Vergata, Rome, Italy
  • 3Consorzio Area di Ricerca in Astrofisica, L'Aquila, Italy

Abstract. To define a background in the electromagnetic emissions above seismic regions, it is necessary to define the statistical distribution of the wave energy in the absence of seismic activity and any other anomalous input (e.g. solar forcing). This paper presents a completely new method to determine both the environmental and instrumental backgrounds applied to the entire DEMETER satellite electric and magnetic field data over L'Aquila. Our technique is based on a new data analysis tool called ALIF (adaptive local iterative filtering, Cicone et al., 2016; Cicone and Zhou, 2017; Piersanti et al., 2017b). To evaluate the instrumental background, we performed a multiscale statistical analysis in which the instantaneous relative energy (ϵrel), kurtosis, and Shannon entropy were calculated. To estimate the environmental background, a map, divided into 1° × 1° latitude–longitude cells, of the averaged relative energy (ϵrel), has been constructed, taking into account the geomagnetic activity conditions, the presence of seismic activity, and the local time sector of the satellite orbit. Any distinct signal different (over a certain threshold) from both the instrumental and environmental backgrounds will be considered as a case event to be investigated. Interestingly, on 4 April 2009, when DEMETER flew exactly over L'Aquila at UT = 20:29, an anomalous signal was observed at 333Hz on both the electric and magnetic field data, whose characteristics seem to be related to pre-seismic activity.

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This paper presents a completely new method based on a new data analysis technique (ALIF) to determine both the environmental and instrumental backgrounds applied to all the DEMETER satellite electric and magnetic field data over L'Aquila's seismic region. Interestingly, on 4 April 2009, when DEMETER flew exactly over L'Aquila at 20:29 UT, an anomalous signal was observed at 333 Hz on both the electric and magnetic field data, whose characteristics seem to be related to pre-seismic activity.
This paper presents a completely new method based on a new data analysis technique (ALIF) to...
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