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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 36, issue 4 | Copyright
Ann. Geophys., 36, 1057-1071, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 02 Aug 2018

Regular paper | 02 Aug 2018

Impact of magnetic storms on the global TEC distribution

Donat V. Blagoveshchensky1, Olga A. Maltseva2, and Maria A. Sergeeva3,4 Donat V. Blagoveshchensky et al.
  • 1Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation, 67, Bolshaya Morskaya, Saint Petersburg, 190000, Russia
  • 2Institute for Physics, Southern Federal University, Stachki, 194, Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
  • 3SCiESMEX, LANCE, Instituto de Geofisica, Unidad Michoacan, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Morelia, 58089, Mexico
  • 4CONACYT, Instituto de Geofisica, Unidad Michoacan, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Morelia, 58089, Mexico

Abstract. The study is focused on the analysis of total electron content (TEC) variations during six geomagnetic storms of different intensity: from Dstmin = −46nT to Dstmin = −223nT. The values of TEC deviations from its 27-day median value (δTEC) were calculated during the periods of the storms along three meridians: American, Euro-African and Asian-Australian. The following results were obtained. For the majority of the storms almost simultaneous occurrence of δTEC maximums was observed along all three meridians at the beginning of the storm. The transition from a weak storm to a superstorm (the increase of magnetic activity) almost does not affect the intensity of the δTEC maximum. The seasonal effect was most pronounced along the Asian-Australian meridian, less often along the Euro-African meridian and was not revealed along the American meridian. Sometimes the seasonal effect can penetrate to the opposite hemisphere. The character of average δTEC variations for the intense storms was confirmed by GOES satellite data. Though there are some common features of TEC variation revealed during each storm phase, in general no clear dependence of TEC responses on the storm phases was found: the effects were different during each storm at different locations. The behavior of the correlation coefficient (R) between δTEC values along the three meridians was analyzed for each storm. In general, R > 0.5 between δTEC values averaged along each meridian. This result is new. The possible reasons for the exceptions (when R < 0.5) were provided: the complexity of phenomena during the intense storms and discordance in local time of the geomagnetic storm beginning along different meridians. Notwithstanding the complex dependence of R on the intensity of magnetic disturbance, in general R decreased with the growth of storm intensity.

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