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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 35, issue 1
Ann. Geophys., 35, 123–132, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-123-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: The 14th International Symposium on Equatorial Aeronomy

Ann. Geophys., 35, 123–132, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-123-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Regular paper 20 Jan 2017

Regular paper | 20 Jan 2017

Observations of equatorial ionization anomaly over Africa and Middle East during a year of deep minimum

Olawale Bolaji et al.
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Cited articles  
African Geodetic Reference Frame: available at: http://www.afrefdata.org, last access: 18 February 2015.
Anderson, D., Anghel, A., Yumoto, K., Ishitsuka, M., and Kudeki, E.: Estimating day time vertical ExB drift velocities in the equatorial F-region using ground-based magnetometer observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 37-1–37-4, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001GL014562, 2002.
Appleton, E. V.: Two anomalies in the ionosphere, Nature, 157, 691–693, 1946.
Balan, N. and Iyer, K. N.: Equatorial anomaly in ionospheric electron content and its relation to dynamo currents, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 10259–10262, 1983.
Barbara, A. K., Devi, M., Bardoli, P., and Rehman, K.: Ionosheric effect observed at Gauhati during the solar eclipse of February 16, 1980, Proc Int. Symp. Beacon Satellite studies on the Earth's Environment, 387 pp., 1980.
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Movement of plasma to higher latitudes by EIA is known to relate to eastward electric field/EEJ and thermospheric meridional neutral wind. Experiments from GPS measurements that unveil thermospheric meridional neutral wind effect on plasma transportation in the F region are very few compared with electric field/EEJ. This work includes examples of thermospheric meridional neutral wind effects on GPS TEC measurements and their roles in transportation of plasma compared to electric field/EEJ.
Movement of plasma to higher latitudes by EIA is known to relate to eastward electric field/EEJ...
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