Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae Sun, Earth, planets, and planetary systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 35, 1023-1032, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Regular paper
31 Aug 2017
Effects of the planetary waves on the MLT airglow
Fabio Egito1, Hisao Takahashi2, and Yasunobu Miyoshi3 1Centro Multidisciplinar de Bom Jesus da Lapa, Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia, Bom Jesus da Lapa, 47600-000, Brazil
2Aeronomy Division, National Institute for Space Research, São José dos Campos, 12227-010, Brazil
3Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka Nishi-ku Fukuoka, 819-0395, Japan
Abstract. The planetary-wave-induced airglow variability in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) is investigated using simulations with the general circulation model (GCM) of Kyushu University. The model capabilities enable us to simulate the MLT OI557.7 nm, O2b(0–1), and OH(6–2) emissions. The simulations were performed for the lower-boundary meteorological conditions of 2005. The spectral analysis reveals that at middle latitudes, oscillations of the emission rates with the period of 2–20 days appear throughout the year. The 2-day oscillations are prominent in the summer and the 5-, 10-, and 16-day oscillations dominate from the autumn to spring equinoxes. The maximal amplitude of the variations induced by the planetary waves was 34 % in OI557.7 nm, 17 % in O2b(0–1), and 8 % in OH(6–2). The results were compared to those observed in the middle latitudes. The GCM simulations also enabled us to investigate vertical transport processes and their effects on the emission layers. The vertical transport of atomic oxygen exhibits similar periodic variations to those observed in the emission layers induced by the planetary waves. The results also show that the vertical advection of atomic oxygen due to the wave motion is an important factor in the signatures of the planetary waves in the emission rates.

Citation: Egito, F., Takahashi, H., and Miyoshi, Y.: Effects of the planetary waves on the MLT airglow, Ann. Geophys., 35, 1023-1032,, 2017.
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