Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 1.621 IF 1.621
  • IF 5-year value: 1.614 IF 5-year 1.614
  • CiteScore value: 1.61 CiteScore 1.61
  • SNIP value: 0.900 SNIP 0.900
  • SJR value: 0.910 SJR 0.910
  • IPP value: 1.58 IPP 1.58
  • h5-index value: 24 h5-index 24
  • Scimago H index value: 80 Scimago H index 80
Ann. Geophys., 33, 1369-1402, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-33-1369-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review paper
10 Nov 2015
Defining and resolving current systems in geospace
N. Y. Ganushkina1,2, M. W. Liemohn2, S. Dubyagin1, I. A. Daglis3, I. Dandouras4, D. L. De Zeeuw2, Y. Ebihara5, R. Ilie2, R. Katus2, M. Kubyshkina6, S. E. Milan7,8, S. Ohtani9, N. Ostgaard8, J. P. Reistad8, P. Tenfjord8, F. Toffoletto10, S. Zaharia11, and O. Amariutei1 1Earth Observations Department, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
2Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
3Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15784 Athens, Greece
4Astrophysics and Planetary Science Research Institute, CNRS/University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
5Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
6Institute of Physics, University of St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, Russia
7Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
8Birkeland Centre for Space Science, Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
9Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, USA
10Physics and Astronomy Department, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA
11ISR-1 Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
Abstract. Electric currents flowing through near-Earth space (R ≤ 12 RE) can support a highly distorted magnetic field topology, changing particle drift paths and therefore having a nonlinear feedback on the currents themselves. A number of current systems exist in the magnetosphere, most commonly defined as (1) the dayside magnetopause Chapman–Ferraro currents, (2) the Birkeland field-aligned currents with high-latitude "region 1" and lower-latitude "region 2" currents connected to the partial ring current, (3) the magnetotail currents, and (4) the symmetric ring current. In the near-Earth nightside region, however, several of these current systems flow in close proximity to each other. Moreover, the existence of other temporal current systems, such as the substorm current wedge or "banana" current, has been reported. It is very difficult to identify a local measurement as belonging to a specific system. Such identification is important, however, because how the current closes and how these loops change in space and time governs the magnetic topology of the magnetosphere and therefore controls the physical processes of geospace. Furthermore, many methods exist for identifying the regions of near-Earth space carrying each type of current. This study presents a robust collection of these definitions of current systems in geospace, particularly in the near-Earth nightside magnetosphere, as viewed from a variety of observational and computational analysis techniques. The influence of definitional choice on the resulting interpretation of physical processes governing geospace dynamics is presented and discussed.

Citation: Ganushkina, N. Y., Liemohn, M. W., Dubyagin, S., Daglis, I. A., Dandouras, I., De Zeeuw, D. L., Ebihara, Y., Ilie, R., Katus, R., Kubyshkina, M., Milan, S. E., Ohtani, S., Ostgaard, N., Reistad, J. P., Tenfjord, P., Toffoletto, F., Zaharia, S., and Amariutei, O.: Defining and resolving current systems in geospace, Ann. Geophys., 33, 1369-1402, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-33-1369-2015, 2015.
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
A number of current systems exist in the Earth's magnetosphere. It is very difficult to identify local measurements as belonging to a specific current system. Therefore, there are different definitions of supposedly the same current, leading to unnecessary controversy. This study presents a robust collection of these definitions of current systems in geospace, particularly in the near-Earth nightside magnetosphere, as viewed from a variety of observational and computational analysis techniques.
A number of current systems exist in the Earth's magnetosphere. It is very difficult to identify...
Share