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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 30, issue 9 | Copyright
Ann. Geophys., 30, 1371-1377, 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Regular paper 25 Sep 2012

Regular paper | 25 Sep 2012

The equatorial ionospheric response over Tirunelveli to the 15 January 2010 annular solar eclipse: observations

C. K. Nayak1, D. Tiwari1,†, K. Emperumal2, and A. Bhattacharyya1 C. K. Nayak et al.
  • 1Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, New Panvel (W), Navi Mumbai-410218, India
  • 2Equatorial Geophysical Research Laboratory (EGRL), Tirunelveli, India
  • deceased

Abstract. In this paper we present a case study of the annular solar eclipse effects on the ionization of E and F regions of equatorial ionosphere over Tirunelveli [77.8° E, 8.7° N, dip 0.4° N] by means of digital ionosonde on 15 January 2010. The maximum obscuration of the eclipse at this station was 84% and it occurred in the afternoon. The E and F1 layers of the ionosphere showed very clear decrease in their electron concentrations, whereas the F2 layer did not show appreciable changes. A reduction of 30% was observed in the foF1 during the maximum phase of the eclipse. During the beginning phase of the eclipse, an enhancement of 0.97 MHz was observed in the foF2 as compared to that of the control days. But the foF2 decreased gradually as the eclipse progressed and a decrease of 0.59 MHz was observed towards the end phase of the eclipse. Observed variations in the h'F2 and hmF2 showed lower values than the control days, although hmF2 was found to increase a bit during the eclipse. Observed variability in the E, F1 and F2 layer ionospheric parameters on the eclipse day and their departure from the control days are discussed as the combined effect of annular eclipse and presence of counter equatorial electrojet (CEEJ).

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