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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 27, issue 3 | Copyright

Special issue: Ninth International Conference on Substorms (ICS9)

Ann. Geophys., 27, 905-911, 2009
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-27-905-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  02 Mar 2009

02 Mar 2009


Collisionless magnetic reconnection: analytical model and PIC simulation comparison

V. Semenov1, D. Korovinskiy1, A. Divin1, N. Erkaev2,3, and H. Biernat4,5 V. Semenov et al.
  • 1St. Petersburg State University, 198504, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 2Institute of Computational Modelling, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, 660036, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
  • 3Siberian Federal University, 660041, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
  • 4Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 8042, Graz, Austria
  • 5Institute of Physics, University of Graz, 8010, Graz, Austria

Abstract. Magnetic reconnection is believed to be responsible for various explosive processes in the space plasma including magnetospheric substorms. The Hall effect is proved to play a key role in the reconnection process. An analytical model of steady-state magnetic reconnection in a collisionless incompressible plasma is developed using the electron Hall MHD approximation. It is shown that the initial complicated system of equations may split into a system of independent equations, and the solution of the problem is based on the Grad-Shafranov equation for the magnetic potential. The results of the analytical study are further compared with a two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation of reconnection. It is shown that both methods demonstrate a close agreement in the electron current and the magnetic and electric field structures obtained. The spatial scales of the acceleration region in the simulation and the analytical study are of the same order. Such features like particles trajectories and the in-plane electric field structure appear essentially similar in both models.

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