Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae Sun, Earth, planets, and planetary systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 26, 1581-1595, 2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
11 Jun 2008
IMF dependence of high-latitude thermospheric wind pattern derived from CHAMP cross-track measurements
M. Förster1, S. Rentz1, W. Köhler1, H. Liu2, and S. E. Haaland3,4 1GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
2Hokkaido University, Div. of Earth and Planet. Science, Sapporo, Japan
3Max-Planck Institute für extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Garching, Germany
4Department of Physics, University of Bergen, Norway
Abstract. Neutral thermospheric wind pattern at high latitudes obtained from cross-track acceleration measurements of the CHAMP satellite above both North and South polar regions are statistically analyzed in their dependence on the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) direction in the GSM y-z plane (clock angle). We compare this dependency with magnetospheric convection pattern obtained from the Cluster EDI plasma drift measurements under the same sorting conditions. The IMF-dependency shows some similarity with the corresponding high-latitude plasma convection insofar that the larger-scale convection cells, in particular the round-shaped dusk cell for ByIMF+ (ByIMF−) conditions at the Northern (Southern) Hemisphere, leave their marks on the dominant general transpolar wind circulation from the dayside to the nightside. The direction of the transpolar circulation is generally deflected toward a duskward flow, in particular in the evening to nighttime sector. The degree of deflection correlates with the IMF clock angle. It is larger for ByIMF+ than for ByIMF− and is systematically larger (~5°) and appear less structured at the Southern Hemisphere compared with the Northern. Thermospheric cross-polar wind amplitudes are largest for BzIMF−/ByIMF− conditions at the Northern Hemisphere, but for BzIMF−/ByIMF+ conditions at the Southern because the magnetospheric convection is in favour of largest wind accelerations over the polar cap under these conditions. The overall variance of the thermospheric wind magnitude at Southern high latitudes is larger than for the Northern. This is probably due to a larger "stirring effect" at the Southern Hemisphere because of the larger distance between the geographic and geomagnetic frameworks.

Citation: Förster, M., Rentz, S., Köhler, W., Liu, H., and Haaland, S. E.: IMF dependence of high-latitude thermospheric wind pattern derived from CHAMP cross-track measurements, Ann. Geophys., 26, 1581-1595,, 2008.
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