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Ann. Geophys., 25, 385-398, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-25-385-2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
08 Mar 2007
All-sky interferometric meteor radar meteoroid speed estimation using the Fresnel transform
D. A. Holdsworth1,2, W. G. Elford1, R. A. Vincent1, I. M. Reid1, D. J. Murphy3, and W. Singer4 1Department of Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
2ATRAD Pty Ltd., Thebarton, South Australia, Australia
3Australian Government Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia
4Leibniz Institute for Atmospheric Physics, K├╝hlungsborn, Germany
Abstract. Fresnel transform meteor speed estimation is investigated. A spectral based technique is developed allowing the transform to be applied at low temporal sampling rates. Simulations are used to compare meteoroid speeds determined using the Fresnel transform and alternative techniques, confirming that the Fresnel transform produces the most accurate meteoroid speed estimates for high effective pulse repetition frequencies (PRFs). The Fresnel transform is applied to high effective PRF data collected during Leonid meteor showers, producing speed estimates in good agreement with the theoretical pre-atmospheric speed of the 71 kms−1. Further simulations for the standard low effective PRF sampling parameters used for Buckland Park meteor radar (BPMR) observations suggests that the Fresnel transform can successfully estimate meteor speeds up to 80 kms−1. Fresnel transform speed estimation is applied using the BPMR, producing speed distributions similar to those obtained in previous studies. The technique is also applied to data collected using the BPMR sampling parameters during Southern delta-Aquarid and Geminid meteor showers, producing speeds in very good agreement with the theoretical pre-atmospheric speeds of these showers (41 kms−1 and 35 kms−1, respectively). However, application of the Fresnel transform to high speed showers suggests that the practical upper limit for accurate speed estimation using the BPMR sampling parameters is around 50 kms−1. This limit allows speed accurate estimates to be made for about 70% of known meteor showers, and around 70% of sporadic echoes.

Citation: Holdsworth, D. A., Elford, W. G., Vincent, R. A., Reid, I. M., Murphy, D. J., and Singer, W.: All-sky interferometric meteor radar meteoroid speed estimation using the Fresnel transform, Ann. Geophys., 25, 385-398, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-25-385-2007, 2007.
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