Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae Sun, Earth, planets, and planetary systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 25, 1323-1336, 2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
29 Jun 2007
Particle precipitations during NEIAL events: simultaneous ground based observations at Svalbard
J. Lunde1,*, B. Gustavsson1, U. P. Løvhaug1, D. A. Lorentzen2, and Y. Ogawa3 1Department of Physics, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
2Geophysics Department, University Centre on Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Svalbard
3National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan
*now at: Solar Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Japan
Abstract. In this paper we present Naturally Enhanced Ion Acoustic Lines (NEIALs) observed with the EISCAT Svalbard Radar (ESR). For the first time, long sequences of NEIALs are recorded, with more than 50 events within an hour, ranging from 6.4 to 140 s in duration. The events took place from ~08:45 to 10:00 UT, 22 January 2004. We combine ESR data with observations of optical aurora by a meridian scanning photometer at wavelengths 557.7, 630.0, 427.8, and 844.6 nm, as well as records from a magnetometer and an imaging riometer. The large numbers of observed NEIALs together with these additional observations, enable us to characterise the particle precipitation during the NEIAL events. We find that the intensities in all optical lines studied must be above a certain level for the NEIALs to appear. We also find that the soft particle precipitation is associated with the down-shifted shoulder in the incoherent scatter spectrum, and that harder precipitation may play a role in the enhancement of the up-shifted shoulder. The minimum energy flux during NEIAL events found in this study was ~3.5 mW/m2 and minimum characteristic energy around 50 eV.

Citation: Lunde, J., Gustavsson, B., Løvhaug, U. P., Lorentzen, D. A., and Ogawa, Y.: Particle precipitations during NEIAL events: simultaneous ground based observations at Svalbard, Ann. Geophys., 25, 1323-1336,, 2007.
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