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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 22, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 22, 585–602, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-585-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 22, 585–602, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-585-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  01 Jan 2004

01 Jan 2004

Occurrence statistics of magnetic impulsive events

T. Moretto1, D. G. Sibeck1, and J. F. Watermann2 T. Moretto et al.
  • 1Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
  • 2Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

Abstract. In this study, we perform a statistical investigation of magnetic impulse events identified in the Greenland magnetometer stations through the years 1995–2001. We focus on occurrence statistics that can be determined reliably with an automatic event identification procedure. Durin the first two years we observed almost 40% more events than in the following years. Season is not a significant factor in event occurrence. Event occurrence peaks near 12:00 UT, corresponding to approximately 10:00 magnetic local time (MLT) at the west coast of Greenland. More events occur prior to local noon than after. Event days are not distributed evenly. Large amplitude events, particularly, tend to appear on consecutive days. Events are observed at lower latitudes at earlier local times in a way consistent with the projection of the outer magnetospheric boundary into the ionosphere. Event latitude depends on dipole tilt angle in a manner similar to that reported for the cusp. Events occur during intervals of enhanced Kp. The main reason for this is that the events themselves contribute to the Kp index. Events exhibit a preference for high solar wind velocity. In particular, the large amplitude events occur during high-speed streams. A slight preference for lower density and more radial interplanetary magnetic fields, as compared to the nominal solar wind distribution, is also observed. However, both the nominal solar wind and event distribution exhibit large differences from year to year, indicating that events occur under a broad range of conditions.

Key words. Ionosphere (ionospheric disturbances) Magnetospheric physics (magnetosphere-ionosphere interactions; solar wind-magnetosphere interactions)

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