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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 22, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 22, 2747–2763, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-2747-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 22, 2747–2763, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-2747-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  07 Sep 2004

07 Sep 2004

Comparison of the measured and modeled electron densities, and electron and ion temperatures in the low-latitude ionosphere during 19-21 March 1988

A. V. Pavlov1, S. Fukao2, and S. Kawamura3 A. V. Pavlov et al.
  • 1Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation, Russian Academy of Science (IZMIRAN), Troitsk, Moscow Region, 142 190, Russia
  • 2Radio Science Center for Space and Atmosphere, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 611-0011, Japan
  • 3National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1, Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795, Japan

Abstract. We have presented a comparison between the modeled NmF2 and hmF2, and NmF2 and hmF2 which were observed at the equatorial anomaly crest and close to the geomagnetic equator simultaneously by the Akita, Kokubunji, Yamagawa, Okinawa, Chung-Li, Manila, Vanimo, and Darwin ionospheric sounders and by the middle and upper atmosphere (MU) radar at Shigaraki (34.85°N, 136.10°E, Japan) during the 19-21 March 1988 geomagnetically quiet time period at moderate solar activity near approximately the same geomagnetic meridian of 201°. A comparison between the electron, Te, and ion, Ti, temperatures measured by the MU radar and those produced by the model of the ionosphere and plasmasphere is presented for 19-21 March 1988. It is shown that there is a large disagreement between the measured and modeled hmF2 from about 07:00 UT to about 11:00 UT if the equatorial ExB drift given by Scherliess and Fejer (1999) is used. The required equatorial upward ExB drift is weaker from 03:14 UT to 11:14 UT than that given by Scherliess and Fejer (1999) for the studied time period. The required modification of the ExB drift weakens the effect of the fountain in NmF2 bringing the modeled and measured hmF2 and NmF2, into reasonable agreement. The depth of the equatorial NmF2 trough in the calculated NmF2 is approximately consistent with the measured depth if the modified equatorial ExB drift is used. It has been found that the north-south asymmetries in the observed NmF2 and hmF2 about the geomagnetic equator are mainly caused by the asymmetry in the neutral wind about the geomagnetic equator. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meridional neutral wind taken from the HWW90 wind model and the NRLMSISE-00 atomic oxygen density are corrected so that the model results agree with the ionospheric sounders and MU radar observations. A theory of the primary mechanisms causing the latitude dependence of the morning and evening peaks in Te is developed. The latitude dependence of the magnitudes of these peaks in Te is interpreted in terms of the corresponding dependence of the electron density. The relative role of the ExB drift and the plasma drift caused by the neutral wind in the formation and the dependence of the magnitudes of the morning and evening electron temperature peaks on the geomagnetic latitude is studied.

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