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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 20, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 20, 185-190, 2002
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-20-185-2002
© Author(s) 2002. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 20, 185-190, 2002
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-20-185-2002
© Author(s) 2002. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  28 Feb 2002

28 Feb 2002

Faraday polarization fluctuations and their dependence on post sunset secondary maximum and amplitude scintillations at Delhi

J. K. Gupta, Lakha Singh, and R. S. Dabas J. K. Gupta et al.
  • Radio and Atmospheric Sciences Division, National Physical Laboratory, Dr K. S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India
  • Correspondence to: L. Singh (laksingh@csnpl.ren.nic.in)

Abstract. VHF Faraday rotation (FR) and amplitude scintillation data recorded simultaneously during May 1978–December 1980 at Delhi (28.63° N, 77.22° E; Dip 42.44° N) is analyzed in order to study the Faraday polarization fluctuations (FPFs) and their dependence on the occurrence of post sunset secondary maximum (PSSM) and amplitude scintillations. It is noted that FPFs are observed only when both PSSM and scintillations also occur simultaneously. FPFs are observed only during winter and the equinoctial months of high sunspot years. FPFs events are associated with intense scintillation activity, which is characterized by sudden onsets and abrupt endings, and are observed one to three hours after the local sunset. When FPFs and scintillation data from Delhi is compared with the corresponding data from a still lower latitude station, Hyderabad (17.35° N, 78.45° E), it is found that the occurrence of FPFs and scintillations at Delhi is conditional to their prior occurrence at Hyderabad, which indicates their production by a plasma bubble and the as-sociated irregularities generated initially over the magnetic equator. In addition, FPFs and scintillation data for October 1979, when their occurrence was maximum, is also examined in relation to daytime (11:00 LT) electrojet strength (EEj) values and evening hour h’F from an equatorial location, Kodaikanal (10.3° N, 77.5° E). It is interesting to note that FPFs and scintillations are most likely observed when the EEj was 100 nT or more and h’F reaches around 500 km. These results show that EEj and evening hours h’F values over the magnetic equator are important parameters for predicting FPFs and scintillation activity at locations such as Delhi, where scintillation activity is much more intense as compared to the equatorial region due to the enhanced back-ground ionization due to the occurrence of PSSM.

Key words. Ionosphere (equatorial ionosphere; ionospheric irregularities) – Radio science (ionospheric physics)

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