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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 19, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 19, 883-888, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-883-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: MST

Ann. Geophys., 19, 883-888, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-883-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Aug 2001

31 Aug 2001

Anisotropy of Doppler spectral parameters in the VHF radar observations at MU and White Sands

G. D. Nastrom*,1 and T. Tsuda1 G. D. Nastrom and T. Tsuda
  • 1Radio Science Center for Space and Atmosphere, Kyoto University, Kyoto 611, Japan
  • *Permanent address: Department of Earth Sciences, St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, MN 56379, USA

Abstract. Significant differences are found between the mean spectral widths from beams in the meridional plane and in the zonal plane at both the MU and the White Sands VHF radars. The spectral width in the beam directed perpendicular to the prevailing wind is greater than that in the beam parallel to the wind. The magnitudes of the differences in spectral width show a linear relationship with wind speed, with the greatest differences at the greatest wind speeds. The differences in spectral width show a positive correlation with the differences in backscattered power. The anisotropy in backscattered power is well-known and is usually attributed to aspect sensitivity effects. However, the anisotropy in spectral width does not appear to be due to the same mechanism, and while several hypotheses to account for this are considered, including finite range-volume effects, effects from the tilting of isentropic layers, and anisotropic turbulence effects, it is seen that each of these suggestions has its shortcomings.

Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (turbulence; instruments and techniques)

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