Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 1.585 IF 1.585
  • IF 5-year value: 1.698 IF 5-year
    1.698
  • CiteScore value: 1.62 CiteScore
    1.62
  • SNIP value: 0.820 SNIP 0.820
  • IPP value: 1.52 IPP 1.52
  • SJR value: 0.781 SJR 0.781
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 83 Scimago H
    index 83
  • h5-index value: 24 h5-index 24
Volume 19, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 19, 855–861, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-855-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: MST

Ann. Geophys., 19, 855–861, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-855-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Aug 2001

31 Aug 2001

Estimation of temperature and humidity from MST radar observations

K. Mohan1, D. Narayana Rao1, T. Narayana Rao1, and S. Raghavan2 K. Mohan et al.
  • 1Department of physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517 502, India
  • 2Ex-IMD, Chennai, India

Abstract. Retrieval of vertical profiles of temperature and humidity parameters using a VHF radar is described in this paper. For this, Indian MST radar located at Gadanki (13.5° N, 79.2° E) has been operated in a special mode. First, vertical velocities are collected continuously using the radar and are subjected to Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis to obtain Brunt-Väisälä oscillations. From the measured Brunt-Väisälä  oscillations, temperature profile is obtained from the radar observations following Revathy et al. (1996). The various terms required for the retrieval of vertical profiles of humidity are the eddy dissipation rate, ε, the volume reflectivity, η, and the potential refractive index gradient, M. The eddy dissipation rate, ε, is calculated from the spectral width after removing the effects due to non-turbulence. The volume reflectivity, η, of the turbulence scattering is calculated using the signal-to-noise ratio as a function of height. The potential refractive index gradient, M, is evaluated using the measured Brunt-Väisälä  oscillations, the eddy dissipation rate and the volume reflectivity, η. Vertical profiles of humidity are retrieved following Tsuda (1997) using the radar derived temperature as well as the balloon measured temperature and are compared with the humidity as measured by the radiosonde. The sign of the potential refractive index gradient, M, is taken from the simultaneous measurements of balloon soundings. The retrieved vertical profiles of temperature and humidity have been compared with the radiosonde data, which are released simultaneously with the radar observations at the radar site. A fairly good comparison is seen between the two measurements on some days and there are some discrepancies on some other days. The strengths and limitations in estimating the vertical profiles of temperature and humidity from the radar observations are discussed.

Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (pressure, density and temperature; enhancements and techniques)

Publications Copernicus
Special issue
MST
Download
Citation