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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 19, issue 6
Ann. Geophys., 19, 601-610, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-601-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: ASTRID-2

Ann. Geophys., 19, 601-610, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-601-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  30 Jun 2001

30 Jun 2001

LINDA – the Astrid-2 Langmuir probe instrument

B. Holback1, Å. Jacksén1, L. Åhlén1, S.-E. Jansson1, A. I. Eriksson1, J.-E. Wahlund1, T. Carozzi1, and J. Bergman2 B. Holback et al.
  • 1Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division, Ångström Laboratories, Box 537, SE 751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2Department of Astronomy and Space Physics, Uppsala University, Ångström Laboratories, Box 515, SE 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

Abstract. The Swedish micro-satellite Astrid-2, designed for studies in magnetosperic physics, was launched into orbit on 10 December 1998 from the Russian cosmodrome Plesetsk. It was injected into a circular orbit at 1000 km and at 83 degrees inclination. The satellite carried, among other instruments, a double Langmuir Probe instrument called LINDA (Langmuir INterferometer and Density instrument for Astrid-2). The scientific goals of this instrument, as well as the technical design and possible modes of operation, are described. LINDA consists of two lightweight deployable boom systems, each carrying a small spherical probe. With these probes, separated by 2.9 meters, and in combination with a high sampling rate, it was possible to discriminate temporal structures (waves) from spatial structures. An on-board memory made it possible to collect data also at times when there was no ground contact. Plasma density and electron temperature data from all magnetic latitudes and for all seasons have been collected.

Key words. Ionosphere (plasma temperature and density; plasma waves and instabilities; instruments and techniques)

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