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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 17, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 17, 231–241, 1999
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-999-0231-1
© European Geosciences Union 1999
Ann. Geophys., 17, 231–241, 1999
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-999-0231-1
© European Geosciences Union 1999

  28 Feb 1999

28 Feb 1999

The role of dynamics in total ozone deviations from their long-term mean over the Northern Hemisphere

K. Petzoldt K. Petzoldt
  • Institut für Meteorologie der Freien Universität Berlin, Carl-Heinrich-Becker Weg 6-10, D-12165 Berlin, Germany
  • Carl-Heinrich-Becker Weg 6-10, D-12165 Berlin, Germany

Abstract. Total ozone anomalies (deviation from the long-term mean) are created by anomalous circulation patterns. The dynamically produced ozone anomalies can be estimated from known circulation parameters in the layer between the tropopause and the middle stratosphere by means of statistics. Satellite observations of ozone anomalies can be compared with those expected from dynamics. Residual negative anomalies may be due to chemical ozone destruction. The statistics are derived from a 14 year data set of TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer January 1979-Dec. 1992) and corresponding 300 hPa geopotential (for the tropopause height) together with 30 hPa temperature (for stratospheric waves) at 60°N. The correlation coefficient for the linear multiple regression between total ozone (dependent variable) and the dynamical parameters (independent variables) is 0.88 for the zonal deviations in the winter of the Northern Hemisphere. Zonal means are also significantly dependent on circulation parameters, besides showing the known negative trend function of total ozone observed by TOMS. The significant linear trend for 60°N is \sim3 DU/year in the winter months taking into account the dependence on the dynamics between the tropopause region and the mid-stratosphere. The highest correlation coefficient for the monthly mean total ozone anomalies is reached in November with 0.94.

Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (middle atmosphere · composition and chemistry) · Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (middle atmosphere dynamics).

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