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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 17, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 17, 1012–1019, 1999
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-999-1012-6
© European Geosciences Union 1999
Ann. Geophys., 17, 1012–1019, 1999
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-999-1012-6
© European Geosciences Union 1999

  31 Aug 1999

31 Aug 1999

VHF radar observations of gravity waves at a low latitude

G. Dutta, B. Bapiraju, P. Balasubrahmanyam, and H. Aleem Basha G. Dutta et al.
  • Anwarul-uloom College, Osmania University, Hyderabad - 500 001, (A.P.), India

Abstract. Wind observations made at Gadanki (13.5°N) by using Indian MST Radar for few days in September, October, December 1995 and January, 1996 have been analyzed to study gravity wave activity in the troposphere and lower stratosphere. Horizontal wind variances have been computed for gravity waves of period (2-6) h from the power spectral density (PSD) spectrum. Exponential curves of the form eZ/H have been fitted by least squares technique to these variance values to obtain height variations of the irregular winds upto the height of about 15 km, where Z is the height in kilometers. The value of H, the scale height, as determined from curve fitting is found to be less than the theoretical value of scale height of neutral atmosphere in this region, implying that the waves are gaining energy during their passage in the troposphere. In other words, it indicates that the sources of gravity waves are present in the troposphere. The energy densities of gravity wave fluctuations have been computed. Polynomial fits to the observed values show that wave energy density increases in the troposphere, its source region, and then decreases in the lower stratosphere.

Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (middle atmosphere dynamics; turbulence; waves and tides)

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