Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 31, 2077-2084, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Regular paper
22 Nov 2013
Zonal velocity of the equatorial plasma bubbles over Kolhapur, India
D. P. Nade1, A. K. Sharma1, S. S. Nikte1, P. T. Patil2, R. N. Ghodpage2, M. V. Rokade5, S. Gurubaran3, A. Taori4, and Y. Sahai6 1Earth and Space Science Laboratory, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, India
2Medium Frequency Radar, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Shivaji University Campus, Kolhapur, India
3Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, New Panvel, Navi Mumbai, India
4National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki, India
5Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET) Hyderabad, 500051, India
6Universidade do Vale do Paraiba (UNIVAP), São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil
Abstract. This paper presents the observations of zonal drift velocities of equatorial ionospheric plasma bubbles and their comparison with model values. These velocities are determined by nightglow OI 630.0 nm images. The nightglow observations have been carried out from the low latitude station Kolhapur (16.8° N, 74.2° E; 10.6° N dip lat.) during clear moonless nights. Herein we have presented the drift velocities of equatorial plasma bubbles for the period of February–April 2011. Out of 80 nights, 39 showed the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubbles (49%). These 39 nights correspond to magnetically quiet days (ΣKp < 26). The average eastward zonal velocities (112 ± 10 m s−1) of equatorial plasma bubbles increased from evening sector to 21:00 IST (Indian Standard Time = Universal Time + 05:30:00 h), reach maximum about 165 ± 30 m s−1 and then decreases with time. The calculated velocities are in good agreement with that of recently reported values obtained with models with occasional differences; possible mechanisms of which are discussed.

Citation: Nade, D. P., Sharma, A. K., Nikte, S. S., Patil, P. T., Ghodpage, R. N., Rokade, M. V., Gurubaran, S., Taori, A., and Sahai, Y.: Zonal velocity of the equatorial plasma bubbles over Kolhapur, India, Ann. Geophys., 31, 2077-2084, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-2077-2013, 2013.
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