1National Institute of Polar Research, 10-3, Midoricho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan
2Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
3Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan
4Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 903 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7320, USA
5Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 432-8561, Japan
6Department of Precision Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
7Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
8Orihalcon Technologies, Inc., Japan
9Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan
10Musashino Art University, 1-736 Ogawa-cho, Kodaira City, Tokyo 187-8505, Japan
Received: 08 Jul 2013 – Revised: 02 Aug 2013 – Accepted: 03 Aug 2013 – Published: 06 Sep 2013
Abstract. A new stereoscopic measurement technique is developed to obtain an all-sky altitude map of aurora using two ground-based digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras. Two identical full-color all-sky cameras were set with an 8 km separation across the Chatanika area in Alaska (Poker Flat Research Range and Aurora Borealis Lodge) to find localized emission height with the maximum correlation of the apparent patterns in the localized pixels applying a method of the geographical coordinate transform. It is found that a typical ray structure of discrete aurora shows the broad altitude distribution above 100 km, while a typical patchy structure of pulsating aurora shows the narrow altitude distribution of less than 100 km. Because of its portability and low cost of the DSLR camera systems, the new technique may open a unique opportunity not only for scientists but also for night-sky photographers to complementarily attend the aurora science to potentially form a dense observation network.
Citation: Kataoka, R., Miyoshi, Y., Shigematsu, K., Hampton, D., Mori, Y., Kubo, T., Yamashita, A., Tanaka, M., Takahei, T., Nakai, T., Miyahara, H., and Shiokawa, K.: Stereoscopic determination of all-sky altitude map of aurora using two ground-based Nikon DSLR cameras, Ann. Geophys., 31, 1543-1548, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1543-2013, 2013.