1Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
2Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
3IRAP, University of Toulouse, UPS-OMP, Toulouse, France
4CNRS, IRAP, 9 Ave. Colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse cedex 4, France
5Mullard Space Science Laboratory, London, UK
Received: 30 Sep 2011 – Revised: 10 Dec 2011 – Accepted: 12 Dec 2011 – Published: 15 Dec 2011
Abstract. We study the temperature ratio of protons and electrons based on statistics of Cluster observations in the Earth's magnetotail from 2001 to 2004. During these years, from June to November, the Cluster spacecraft visited the plasma sheet at the distance r~−19 RE. We use proton and electron moments collected in the central region of the plasma sheet (|Z|<5 RE). We find an average ratio of proton and electron temperatures ⟨Tp/Te ⟩ ≈ 3.5. The dependence of Tp on Te can be approximated by the power-law function: Tp ≈ 11Te0.62, where Tp and Te are measured in MK. A previous reported ratio ⟨Tp/Te ⟩ ~ 7 is limited to small electron temperatures <20 MK. The observations with the high electron temperature correspond to smaller values of the electron density and larger values of the proton and electron bulk velocities. A correlation between Te and curlometer current density is not found.
Artemyev, A. V., Baumjohann, W., Petrukovich, A. A., Nakamura, R., Dandouras, I., and Fazakerley, A.: Proton/electron temperature ratio in the magnetotail, Ann. Geophys., 29, 2253-2257, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-2253-2011, 2011.