Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 27, 303-312, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
19 Jan 2009
Effect of magnetic activity on plasma bubbles over equatorial and low-latitude regions in East Asia
G. Li1, B. Ning1, L. Liu1, W. Wan1, and J. Y. Liu2 1Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan
Abstract. The dependence of plasma bubble occurrence in the eveningside ionosphere, with magnetic activity during the period years 2001–2004, is studied here based on the TEC observations gathered by ground-based GPS receivers which are located in the equatorial and low-latitude regions in East Asia. The observed plasma bubbles consist of the plasma-bubble events in the equatorial (stations GUAM, PIMO and KAYT), and low-latitude regions (stations WUHN, DAEJ and SHAO). It is shown that most equatorial plasma-bubble events commence at 20:00 LT, and may last for >60 min. The magnetic activity appears to suppress the generation of equatorial plasma bubbles with a time delay of more than 3 h (4–9 h). While in the low-latitude regions, most plasma-bubble events commence at about 23:00 LT and last for <45 min. The best correlation between Kp and low-latitude plasma-bubble occurrence is found with an 8–9 h delay, a weak correlation exists for time delays of 6–7 h. This probably indicates that over 3 h delayed disturbance dynamo electric fields obviously inhibit the development of plasma bubbles in the pre-midnight sector.

Citation: Li, G., Ning, B., Liu, L., Wan, W., and Liu, J. Y.: Effect of magnetic activity on plasma bubbles over equatorial and low-latitude regions in East Asia, Ann. Geophys., 27, 303-312, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-303-2009, 2009.
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