Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 22, 1061-1075, 2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
02 Apr 2004
Multi-instrument observations of the ionospheric counterpart of a bursty bulk flow in the near-Earth plasma sheet
A. Grocott1, T. K. Yeoman1, R. Nakamura2, S. W. H. Cowley1, H. U. Frey3, H. Rème4, and B. Klecker5 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
2Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstr. 6, 8042 Graz, Austria
3Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
4CESR/CNRS, 9 Avenue du Colonel Roche, B. P. 4346, F-31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
5MPI für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Abstract. On 07 September 2001 the Cluster spacecraft observed a "bursty bulk flow" event in the near-Earth central plasma sheet. This paper presents a detailed study of the coincident ground-based observations and attempts to place them within a simple physical framework. The event in question occurs at ~22:30 UT, some 10min after a southward turning of the IMF. IMAGE and SAMNET magnetometer measurements of the ground magnetic field reveal perturbations of a few tens of nT and small amplitude Pi2 pulsations. CUTLASS radar observations of ionospheric plasma convection show enhanced flows out of the polar cap near midnight, accompanied by an elevated transpolar voltage. Optical data from the IMAGE satellite also show that there is a transient, localised ~1 kR brightening in the UV aurora. These observations are consistent with the earthward transport of plasma in the tail, but also indicate the absence of a typical "large-scale" substorm current wedge. An analysis of the field-aligned current system implied by the radar measurements does suggest the existence of a small-scale current "wedgelet", but one which lacks the global scale and high conductivities observed during substorm expansions.

Key words. Ionosphere (auroral ionosphere; ionospheremagnetosphere interactions; plasma convection)

Citation: Grocott, A., Yeoman, T. K., Nakamura, R., Cowley, S. W. H., Frey, H. U., Rème, H., and Klecker, B.: Multi-instrument observations of the ionospheric counterpart of a bursty bulk flow in the near-Earth plasma sheet, Ann. Geophys., 22, 1061-1075, doi:10.5194/angeo-22-1061-2004, 2004.
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