Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ann. Geophys., 21, 2073-2082, 2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
31 Oct 2003
Comparison of D-region Doppler drift winds measured by the SuperDARN Finland HF radar over an annual cycle using the Kiruna VHF meteor radar
N. F. Arnold1, P. A. Cook1,3, T. R. Robinson1, M. Lester1, P. J. Chapman1,4, and N. Mitchell2 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
2Department of Physics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, SY23 3BZ, UK
3now at: The Department of Physics, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London, UK
4now at: The Department of Communication Systems, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YR, UK
Abstract. The SuperDARN chain of oblique HF radars has provided an opportunity to generate a unique climatology of horizontal winds near the mesopause at a number of high latitude locations, via the Doppler shifted echoes from sources of ionisation in the D-region. Ablating meteor trails form the bulk of these targets, but other phenomena also contribute to the observations. Due to the poor vertical resolution of the radars, care must be taken to reduce possible biases from sporadic-E layers and Polar Mesospheric Summer echoes that can affect the effective altitude of the geophysical parameters being observed. Second, there is strong theoretical and observational evidence to suggest that the radars are picking up echoes from the backward looking direction that will tend to reduce the measured wind strengths. The effect is strongly frequency dependent, resulting in a 20% reduction at 12 MHz and a 50% reduction at 10 MHz. A comparison of the climatologies observed by the Super-DARN Finland radar between September 1999 and September 2000 and that obtained from the adjacent VHF meteor radar located at Kiruna is also presented. The agreement between the two instruments was very good. Extending the analysis to the SuperDARN Iceland East radar indicated that the principles outlined above could be applied successfully to the rest of the SuperDARN network.

Key words. Ionosphere (ionosphere-atmosphere interactions; instruments and techniques) – Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (waves and tides)

Citation: Arnold, N. F., Cook, P. A., Robinson, T. R., Lester, M., Chapman, P. J., and Mitchell, N.: Comparison of D-region Doppler drift winds measured by the SuperDARN Finland HF radar over an annual cycle using the Kiruna VHF meteor radar, Ann. Geophys., 21, 2073-2082, doi:10.5194/angeo-21-2073-2003, 2003.
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